Jawaharlal Nehru becomes the first Prime minister of Independent India. He wrote “The Discovery of India” and Glimpses of world history during his term in jail. He always wore a red rose in his pocket. He loved children very much. They fondly called him “Chacha Nehru”.
Jawaharlal nehru birthday is celebrated as children’s day
On 14 November 1889 a son was born to Motilal Nehru and Swarup Rani Nehru, who was named Jawaharlal Nehru. His Birthday is celebrated as Children’s Day” in India. He was a freedom fighter, the first Prime Minister of India, and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He loved children very much and children also loved him very much. All the children used to call him Chacha Nehru. He has made many plans for the children that he believed that children are the future of our country. He was educated in England, and become a barrister. Nehru Ji was inspired by Gandhiji ideas. Therefore, he joined Gandhiji in the freedom struggle of India.
He emerged as an eminent leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi and served India as Prime Minister from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until he died in 1964.
He is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic.
Under Nehru’s leadership, the Congress emerged as a catch-all party, dominating national and state-level politics and winning consecutive elections in 1951, 1957, and 1962.
|Full Name||Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru|
|Nick Name||Chacha Nehru, Panditji|
|Father Name||Motilal Nehru (Freedom Fighter, Lawyer, Politician)|
|Mother Name||Swarup Rani Nehru|
|Profession||Writer, Politician, Barrister|
|Height||173cm/1.73 m/ 5’8″F|
|Date of Birth||14 November 1889|
|Death of Date||27 May 1964|
|Place of Death||New Delhi, India|
|Death cause||Heart Attack|
|Hometown||Allahabad, United Provinces, British India|
|College/University||Trinity College Cambridge|
|Hobbies||Writing, Swimming, Reading|
|Marriage Date||8 February 1916|
|Children||Indira Gandhi (Politician)|
Jawaharlal Nehru economic policies
- Nehru implemented policies based on import substitution industrialization and advocated a mixed economy where the government-controlled public sector would co-exist with the private sector.
- He believed that the establishment of basic and heavy industry was fundamental to the development and modernization of the Indian economy.
- The policy of non-alignment during the cold war meant that Nehru received financial and technical support from both power blocs in building India’s industrial base from scratch.
- Steel mill complexes were built at Bokaro and Rourkela with assistance from the Soviet Union and West Germany.
- There was substantial industrial development industry grew 7.0 percent annually between 1950 and 1965 – almost trebling industrial output and making India the world’s seventh-largest industrial country.
- India’s share of world trade fell from 1.4 percent in 1951-1960 to 0.5 percent over 1981-1990. On the other hand, India’s export performance is argued to have actually shown sustained improvement over the period. The volume of exports went up at an annual rate of 2.9 percent in 1951-1960 to 7.6 percent in 1971-1980.
- India’s economy grew faster than both the United Kingdom and the United States.
Jawaharlal Nehru technological university Hyderabad
Today we are going to talk about Telangana, the university in Hyderabad whose name is Jawaharlal Nehru University. It is also called JNTU in short form. This is a state-label university, its ranking is also very good and it also takes candidates from other states. It was established in 1972 and it is a government university. Talking about the campus, there is an area of only 89 acres. There is a central national library here that has 1.2 lakh books. Its library is also in digital form. You can take admission in this through Telangana State Examination. Very low-rank students also get admission here. There are 24 branches for B-tech, 64 programs for PG courses.
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Jawaharlal Nehru university
Jawaharlal Nehru University was formed in 1969. Jawaharlal Nehru University is one of the top universities in India. This campus is spread over an area of 1100 acres. Jawaharlal university has 18 hostels, out of which 8 are for boys and 4 are for girls, apart from these 4 hostels are for both girls and boys, there is also 1 hostel for unmarried couples, and the rest for working women. In these, the monthly rent is about 8500 rupees. Its library is very long and wide, it is so big that all the students can read comfortably in it. In this university, there is 1 teacher for 12 students, that is why it is easy to teach all the children.
quotes by Jawaharlal Nehru
- “The Art of a People is a True Mirror to Their Minds.”
- “The Policy of Being Too Cautious is the Greatest Risk to All.”
- “The Person Who Runs Away Exposes Himself to That Very Danger More Than a Person Who Sits Quietly.”
- “We Live in a Wonderful World That is Full of beauty, Charm and Adventure. There is No end to the Adventures that we can have if only we seek them our Eyes open.”
- “Without Peace All Other Dreams Vanish and Are Reduced to Ashes.”
- “The only alternative to coexistence is Con destruction.”
- “It is only too easy to make suggestions and later try to escape the consequences of what we say.”
- “Socialism is… not only a way of life, but a certain scientific approach to social and economic problems.”
pandit Jawaharlal Nehru book discovery of India
- The Discovery of India
- Glimpses of World History
- Toward Freedom (autobiography)
- Letters from a Father to His Daughter
10 interesting facts about pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
- Nehru was nicknamed ‘Joe Nehru’ by his classmates at Trinity College, Cambridge. They found it difficult to pronounce his name.
- As a student in Harrow and in Cambridge, Nehru was distinguished for the sport of ‘Kite flying’. He made kite flying popular by getting high-quality kites sent to him from India.
- Nehru studied law on his father’s insistence. He had fancied the idea of studying economics at the London School of Economics. He blamed his father for forcing him to become a ‘mere lawyer’.
- Nehru’s famous speech following Gandhi’s death called ‘the light has gone out of our lives was made without any preparation. It is often cited as one of the greatest speeches in history.
- During his time in jail, Nehru spun out a pale pink Khadi saree for his daughter India’s wedding. Sonia Gandhi and Priyanka Gandhi both wore the same saree for their wedding too.
- Nehru was involved in an affair with Edwina Mountbatten, wife of the last viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten. Their affair had been confirmed by Pamela Mountbatten, her daughter.
- Nehru was extremely fond of animals and kept a large variety of them inside his house, including Pandas.
- Nehru had innovated the dress code of the jacket, sherwani, and cap which went on to become popular, almost as a national dress code. It became an inspiration for Ghan’s President Kwame Nkrumah, Indonesian President Suharto and, even to Chinese leaders like Mao Zedong to sport their own national dress.
- In October 1936, the magazine Playboy had carried an interview with Nehru. Nehru believed that the magazine had intelligent articles.
- His sister Nan better known as Vijaylaxmi Pundit was his closest confidante. He would communicate with her more freely than with his mother or wife.
the first prime minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India; He was Prime Minister from 15 August 1947 to 27 May 1964.
at what age Nehru died
Nehru was 74 years old when he died. he died on 27 May 1964.
When was Jawaharlal Nehru married?
At 8 February 1916 Jawaharlal Nehru married to Kamala Nehru